OpenVPN Setup for CentOS 5.5

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Today I came across CentOS 5.5 where I had to test a solution encapsulated in PPTP VPN. I tried pptp-setup based VPN but it was old enough for not supporting it. So I had to come up with something else. I use OpenVPN on Ubuntu so I thought of it and started searching.

After around 30 minutes, I came up with this tutorial to install OpenVPN in your CentOS 5.5.

 

Step 1: Check TUN/TAP status if it’s active or not, using:

cat /dev/net/tun

The response should be:

cat: /dev/net/tun: File descriptor in bad state

Step 2: Install Compilation Tools, using:

yum install gcc make

Step 3: Download OpenVPN Package in /usr/local/src

cd /usr/local/src

and then

wget http://openvpn.net/release/lzo-1.08-4.rf.src.rpm

Step 4: Check your Processor Architecture using:

uname -a

If result says something including i386 OR i686 OR x86 then you have 32 bit machine.

If result says something including i686_64 or x86_64 then you have 64 but machine.

Step 5: Download OpenVPN Repo, using:

For 32 bit systems:

wget http://dag.wieers.com/rpm/packages/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.3.6-1.el5.rf.i386.rpm

For 64 bit systems:

wget http://dag.wieers.com/rpm/packages/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.3.6-1.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm

Step 7: Install Required YUM Packages using:

yum install rpm-build autoconf.noarch zlib-devel pam-devel openssl-devel

Step 8: Install the Downloaded RPMs and Add them to your repo using given statements one by one. Replace x86_64 with i386 in second & third command in case you’re using 32 bit system:

rpmbuild –rebuild lzo-1.08-4.rf.src.rpm
rpm -Uvh /usr/src/redhat/RPMS/x86_64/lzo-*.rpm
rpm -Uvh rpmforge-release-0.3.6-1.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm

Step 9: Install OpenVPN Yum Package

yum install openvpn

Step 10: Get your OpenVPN Files from http://www.vpnbook.com. Go to OpenVPN Section and download appropriate server’s Zip file.  The link to download was http://www.vpnbook.com/free-openvpn-account/VPNBook.com-OpenVPN-Euro1.zip in my case so I did:

wget http://www.vpnbook.com/free-openvpn-account/VPNBook.com-OpenVPN-Euro1.zip

Step 11: Unzip file using:

unzip VPNBook.com-OpenVPN-Euro1.zip

You will now see multiple .ovpn files with different ports. I recommend using udp port. Assuming that I have to use vpnbook-euro1-udp25000.ovpn file available at /home/max/Downloads/ I will follow this command start VPN:

openvpn /home/max/Downloads/vpnbook-euro1-udp25000.ovpn

Step 12: Use Credentials provided from http://www.vpnbook.com

You will be prompted for usernamd and password. VPNBook username is always vpnbook. The password can be changed and if your ISP doesn’t even allow to open the website, you can simply follow @vpnbook on Twitter where they always announce their current updated password (which is same for all servers).

Once done, OpenVPN will take care of default route itself.

 

P.S: I can’t do VoIP Calls (SIP Based) on VPNBook, so if you have any other good free or psudo-free service in head, please let me know in comments.

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PPTP Client Setup on CentOS

It can be simple or complicated. For complicated there’s Google. But if for some reason you’ve reach here on this page, here’s the simple way to configure yout PPTP VPN on CentOS.

First, search for yum package for your OS using:

yum search pptp

You may find different results. Go for one with something like pptp.i686 or pptp.x86_64 (you’re not going to see both of them rather just one depending upon your machine processor architecture, i.e. 32 bit or 64 bit). Assuming that yours is x86, you will have to go with:

yum -y install pptp.i686

Once done, install pptp-setup to simplify the whole PPTP Client Setup:

yum -y install pptp-setup

That’s it. Installation part is done. Now to start VPN Client:
pptpsetup –create your_vpn_connection_name –server vpn_server_hostname_or_ip –username your_vpn_server_username –password your_vpn_server_password –encrypt –start

After this, don’t forget to route your traffic to VPN. You have to delete the current default route first:

route del default

and then add the new one pointing to your PPTP device:

 

route add default dev ppp0

That’s it. You’re encrypted and anonymous on your ISP now (except deep packet filtering ones).

To stop the pptp service:

pptpsetup –delete yout_vpn_connection_name

Don’t forget to add back the default gateway (assuming that your eth0 IP is 10.0.8.166), followed by Network Service restart:

route add default gateway 10.0.8.166 eth0

service network restart